Kegalle is a large town in Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. It is located on the Colombo–Kandy road, approximately 78 km (48 mi) from Colombo and 40 km (25 mi) from Kandy. It is the main town in the Kegalle District, which is one of two districts which comprise Sabaragamuwa Province. The town is governed by an Urban Council.
The surrounding area produces graphite, precious stones and agricultural products such as rice. Kegalle has an agricultural based economy and mainly produces rubber. Kegalle is the nearest town to the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage, a major tourist attraction in the area, which is 10.5 km (6.5 mi) to the north-east.
Kegalle District remarks on its great history dated back to the stone age of Sri Lanka.It is an assortment of proven evidences of the present day city formation. According to those evidences there had been a prosperous civilization in Kegalle prior to 28000 years.The caves of Beli lena, Dorawaka lena, Alu lena, Asmadala, Padavigampola, Batalegala, Lenagala, Ambala Kanda, Halamada, Heenatipana, Uthuwankanda, Beligala,Salawa, Yahalena,Salgala and Kela Dambulla endow with the evidences for that.
According to the archaeology of the Kegalle District,it has been a region in Maya Rata of the three divisions of Sri Lanka. Further it is noticeable by the latter half of the Sinhalese kingdom and also by the ruling period of the British. Those days Kegalle had been divided into three parts; named as “Satara Koralaya”,” Thun Koralaya” and “Patha Bulathgama”.
Sir.Edwin Wijeyeratne First elected Kegalle member, State Council of Ceylon & Sri Lankan independence activist
Kegalle, situated in between the central highlands and western southern planes and has an enchanting environment. The height of the western region is less than 500 feet above sea level while the eastern region exceeds 1,000 feet. Rubber cultivation has stretched over most of the area of the district and minor export crops such as coffee, cocoa, pepper, clove and nutmeg takes an important place in the district`s economy. Sri Lanka’s best graphite mine is situated at Bogala in Kegalle District. The extent of the District is 1692.8 km2 (169,280 in hectares). Sri Lanka 65610 km2
The economic maturity
The land has become another fertile facilitator to the cultivation promoted needs of the citizens of Kegalle.The district mainly being an agrarian society, rubber, tea and coconut are cultivated as the main crops of it. Apart from that clove, pepper, coffee and cocoa too are being cultivated as secondary commodities. As of the Rubber cultivation, 33% of the agrarian lands have been utilized for it.29000 acres of land area have been occupied for the paddy cultivation.The rain water is the main resource provider for the cultivations in Kegalle.
Minerals are another lucrative donor of the district of Kegalle.The Bogala graphite is one of the most notable mine in Kegalle district and marks a half amount of the total mineral export of Sri Lanka.The gem distribution near the Kelani River further boosts for the economic prosperity of the district.
Schools and educational institutes
The town has five leading schools namely
Kegalu Balika Vidyalaya - Kegalle
St. Mary`s College - Kegalle
St. Joseph Balika Vidyalaya - Kegalle (formerly known as St. Joseph`s Convent)
Swarna Jayanthi Vidyalaya - Kegalle
Other schools in Kegalle.
Aranayake Central College (M.M.V.), Ussapitiya
Baduriya Central College, Mawanella
Bandaranayake Maha Viddayalaya, Hettimulla
Dharul Uloom Muslim Maha Vidyalaya, Rambukkana
Dudley Senanayaka Central College (M.M.V.), Tholangamuwa
Hathgampala Maha Vidyalaya, Aranayaka
Mayura paada M.M.V., Mawanella
Molagoda Jayapala Maha Vidyalaya
Pinnawala Central College (M.M.V.), Rambukkana
Rajasinghe Central College (M.M.V.), Ruwanwella
Sirisaman M.M.V., Deraniyagala
Sulaimaniya Navodya School, Kannattota
Thalgaspitiya Muslim Maha Vidyalaya, Aranayake
Walagama Maha Vidyalaya, Dewalegama
Zahira College Mawanella (Muslim M.M.V.)
Higher Education Institutes
Open University of Sri Lanka - Study Center
Advanced Technological Institute
National Apprentice and Industrial Training Authority.
Technical College , Kegalle
At present, Kegalle being one of the most hospitable and cozy district it has become one of the profitable tourist attractions of the country.The rhythmical plummet of waterfalls of Asupini Ella,the shabby of Kurulu Kelaya with the lengthiest fungi tree of Sri Lanka, Pinnawala elephant orphanage and the Pinnawala Open Air zoo (First Open Air Zoo in Sri Lanka) and pool resources into be another dynamic co -hand of the economy ,culture and society of Sri Lanka .
Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage
Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage is an orphanage, nursery and captive breeding ground for wild Asian elephants located at Pinnawala village, 13 km (8.1 mi) northeast of Kegalle town in Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. Pinnawala is notable for having the largest herd of captive elephants in the world.
Asupini Ella (waterfall) also called `Asupini Falls` is a beautiful waterfall that can be seen from the historic town of Aranayake. According to ancient tales, it was named after the story about a King who had many queens. On his return from war, he assured them that he would give them a sign from the hills about the fate of the war. He said, â€œIf his soldiers waved a white flag over the hills, it would mean he was defeated and killed in action. But, if he waved his own flag bearing his crest, that he was victorious
Wewaladeniya Viharaya, also known as Kegalla Siri Mahindodaya Piriwen Viharaya is one of oldest temples in Kegalle. It is located at the centre of the town.
Alagalla Mountain Range in Sabaragamuwa province is ""Freedom Summit"" in Sri Lanka, where an annual folk climbing event takes place on 4 February commemorating country`s independent from British empire.
Notable people from Kegalle
Sir Edwin Wijeyeratne - First elected member of Kegalle to State Council of Ceylon, Sri Lankan independence activist & Cabinet Minister of Home Affairs and Rural Development in the government of D. S. Senanayake.
The Honourable Dr. P. B. G. Kalugalla - Member of Sri Lanka Parliament from Kegalle District for 26 years until 2000. He was the Sri Lankan High Commissioner to Canada and Ambassador to Philippines